Curators and Lead Researchers

Prof. Hila May

A physical anthropologist participating in many archaeological excavations

Head of the Shmunis Family Anthropology Institute

Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Tel Aviv University

Head of the Biohistory and Evolutionary Medicine Laboratory

Current Research:  the biohistory of prehistoric and historic populations using advanced technologies and research methods. Dr. May is engaged in evolutionary medicine research, focusing on the dynamic of diseases through time, their effect on human history, and on evolutionary explanations for common diseases found in modern human populations. Dr. May is also carrying out genetic studies, focusing mainly on populations' structure and migration, as well as on the origins of diseases.


Prof. Israel Hershkovitz

One of the world's leading anthropologists with more than 40 years of field experience

Professor, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Tel Aviv University

Current Research:  the origin of anatomically modern humans and the fate of the Neanderthals. By studying new fossils excavated in the last years (including their DNA) at Qesem cave, Misliya cave, Nesher and Manot cave, he and his teams hope to shed light on key issues relating to the origin and spread of anatomically modern humans.



Prof. Rachel Sarig

Specialist in Orthodontics and Dentist

Head, School of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv University

Head of the Facial and Dental Anthropology Laboratory

Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, Tel Aviv University

Current Research:  the evolution of the masticatory system, (i.e., teeth, jaws and muscles) in relation to nutrition and cultural habits. Dr. Sarig is involved in the identification of early hominins by examination of unique morphological features of teeth, using the 3D geometric-morphometrics method. Dr. Sarig studies the effect of evolutionary and environmental changes on oral health in prehistoric populations and their implications on modern societies​.


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